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HIST208: Crusade and Jihad: Holy War in the Middle East, 1095-1254


Department: History NCF Level: FHEQ/QCF/NQF5//RQF5
Study Level: Part II (any yr) Credit Points: 15.0
Start Date: 14-01-2019 End Date: 03-05-2019
Available for Online Enrolment?: Y Enrolment Restriction: Fully available to all students
Module Convenor: Dr ST Ambler

Syllabus Rules and Pre-requisites

  • Prior to HIST208, the student must have successfully completed:

Curriculum Design: Outline Syllabus

  • The papal call of 1095 to take up arms in holy war began a phenomenon that would endure for centuries, transforming the medieval world as masses of men and women were moved to journey thousands of miles to kill and die in the service of God. In this module you will explore the religious, cultural and military history of crusaders and mujahideen from the First to the Seventh Crusade, focusing on the Holy Land and Egypt.

    From the Christian triumph of the First Crusade, to the encounter of Richard the Lionheart and Salah ad-Din, and the calamitous defeat of Louis IX of France, you will investigate fundamental questions: why did people take the cross?; how did Christians and Muslims in the crusader states interact?; did women fight on crusade? You will also examine in combination Arab perspectives on the period, including the concept and preaching of jihad.

    You will be encouraged to engage with the diverse range of sources available for the period, from narrative texts to letters, sermons, law codes, and physical evidence (in the form of the great crusader castles), as well as poetry written by the crusaders themselves. 

    Topics will typically include:

    • The First Crusade and its narratives
    • The Templars and Hospitallers
    • Women and crusades
    • Society in the crusader states
    • The Battle of Hattin
    • Crusader castles
    • Salah ad-Din and Richard the Lionheart
    • The preaching of crusade and jihad
    • The campaign and captivity of Louis IX
    • The commemoration of the fallen 

Curriculum Design: Single, Combined or Consortial Schemes to which the Module Contributes

  • Major/combined/consortial programmes administered by History: History; Medieval and Renaissance Studies, History and Philosophy; History and Religious Studies.

    Single Major/combined/consortial programmes administered by others: French Studies and History; German Studies and History; English Literature and History; History and International Relations; History and Politics; History and Music; History, Philosophy and Politics; Spanish Studies and History.

  • 60% Exam
  • 40% Coursework

Assessment: Details of Assessment

  • Coursework: one 2,000-2,500-word essay, to be submitted in the final week in which the module is taught.

    Exam: two hours, in which students will be required to answer two questions from a choice of ten.

    The assessment strategy follows the norm for HIST2XX modules in the History Department.

        

Educational Aims: Subject Specific: Knowledge, Understanding and Skills

  • This module aims to

    1) familiarise students with the chronology of the crusading movement and the ways in which it changed between the First Crusade and the later thirteenth century

    2) familiarise students with the geography, beliefs and cultures of the Islamic world during this period, as they pertain to holy war and interactions with Christians

    3) introduce students to the primary sources for both Christian and Islamic perspectives on the period, and develops students’ skills and confidence in handling them

    4) enable students to engage critically with the major themes of crusade studies, including the nature of crusaders’ piety and motivation, the writing of crusade narratives, and the nature of crusader settlement in the East

Educational Aims: General: Knowledge, Understanding and Skills

  • This module aims

    1) to develop students’ skills in the critical and sensitive handling of primary sources

    2) to develop students’ skills in critical engagement with secondary literature

    3) through 1) and 2), to develop students’ intellectual confidence in challenging historiographical orthodoxies and in forming their own interpretations

    4) to develop students’ ability to articulate their interpretations orally and in writing 

Learning Outcomes: Subject Specific: Knowledge, Understanding and Skills

  • On successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

    1) inform their writing of coursework and exam essays with an understanding both of the chronology of the crusading movement and the ways in which it changed, as well as the geography, beliefs and cultures of the Islamic world

    2) inform their writing of coursework and exam essays with a nuanced appreciation of key concepts such as chivalry, martyrdom and jihad

    3) demonstrate, in the construction and execution of their coursework and exam answers, the ability to analyse key crusade sources sensitively and with confidence

    4) demonstrate, in the construction and execution of their coursework and exam answers, the ability to engage critically with the key discussions and debates in crusade studies

Learning Outcomes: General: Knowledge, Understanding and Skills

  • On successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

    1) handle a range of primary sources critically and sensitively

    2) engage critically with secondary literature

    3) challenge historiographical orthodoxies and form their own interpretation

    4) articulate their interpretations orally and in writing clearly and concisely

     

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